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The Equus October was a Roman sacrificial rite to Mars that coincided with the end of the agricultural and military campaigning season.

Chariot races were held in the area of Rome named for Mars, the Campus Martius. The right-hand horse of the winning team was sacrificed and the head and tail were severed. A fight was staged for display rights of the head and the tail was taken to the Regia and used to sprinkle the Roman sacred hearth.