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An ancient Roman festival in honor of Vulcan, the god of both beneficial and destructive fire. He was invoked as a powerful fertility symbol and also so that grain and other stored foods and the fields wouldn’t be harmed by fire.

During the festival, games were held and bonfires were created in his honor into which live fish or small animals were thrown as sacrificial offerings.It was also customary to work by candlelight in his honor, as Vulcan was the god of cooks, bakers, tools, and smithing.

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