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Consualia is a festival in honor of Consus, the god of counsel, and the one who protects the harvest which is in storage in underground vaults at the time of the festival. The temple of Consus was also underground and covered with earth all year, only to be uncovered for this one day.

Mars, as a protector of the harvest, was also honored on this day, as were the lares. Horses, mules and asses were excused from work and instead were decorated with flowers and paraded through the streets. In the Circus Maximus, strange chariot races were held where the chariots were pulled by mules.