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Parilia took place on April 21st and consisted of offerings of grains, cakes, and milk to the god of shepherds, Pales. It served as a festival for protection and fertility for farms to purify both sheep and shepherd. Later, the festival was recognized as the birthday of Rome, the day on which Romulus killed Remus and founded the city in 753 BCE.

The Parilia is outstanding among Roman festivals as it incorporates both the rural and urban celebrations of Roman religion.