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The Veneralia was the Ancient Roman festival of Venus Verticordia (“Changer of hearts”), the goddess of love and beauty. During the festival, her intent was to persuade Romans of both sexes and every class, whether married or unmarried, to cherish the traditional sexual proprieties and morality known to please the gods and benefit the State.

During the Veneralia, women removed jewelry from the statue of the goddess, washed her, and adorned her with flowers, and similarly bathed themselves in the public baths wearing wreaths of myrtle on their heads. It was generally a day for women to seek divine help in their relations with men.

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