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Matronalia (or Matronales Feriae) was a festival celebrated in Ancient Rome on March 1 every year in honour of Juno in her role of Juno Lucina, the goddess of childbirth (“Juno who brings children into the light”). Prior to the reform of the Roman calendar by Julius Caesar, this was the first day of the new year.

At home, women were expected to prepare a meal for the household slaves and received gifts from their husbands and daughters. Roman husbands, however, were expected to offer prayers for their wives.